Federal program “Electronic Russia 2002 – 2010”
Could business gain ?
Parliamentary hearings “On State policy for information technologies development” : Russian market of information – communication services ca 8 bln USD, there are 16 mln PCs and ATM fiber optic backbone for National grid for science and higher education 20 Mb/s.
Federal Program “Development of Informatization in Russia until 2010”
“Concept of telecommunication market development” with 33 bln USD investments for 10 years.
World part of Communications in GNP 5%
Russian Communications stand for 2% GNP only
By 2010 Communications market will achieve 16 bln USD of which 7.2 bln – mobile telephones, 4.8 bln – traditional telephones and 3.2 bln – Internet
There will by 2010
Optmistic scenario Pessimistic scenario
Telephones 47. 7 mln 36.0 mln
Tel per 100 capita 32.7 24.6
Mobiles 22.2 mln 17.8 mln
Mobiles per 100 15.2 12.2
Internet users 26.1 mln 10.4
17.9 % 7.1 %
EBRD coordinator Mr. Dirk Habek : “Russian small enterprise spent more time on following bureaucratic instructions than on business itself”.
Russian businessmen rely on legislative grounds and Internet applications for governmental bodies
( forced internet implication of people considered unnecessary)
Digital electronic signature Act (Dec. 2001) was adopted by Russian Parliament. This Act was developed by FAPSI, MinComInf, State Standard Authority and Federal Commission on Securities. Open and cryptographic keys will be free of charge provided by FAPSI.
There are under development two more Acts :
“On E-Trade” and
Legislative grounds alongside with general growth of Russian economy facilitate development of Internet related sectors
Russian Internet provides employment for many and high revenue for a few
Portals are pretty similar
Yearly income of all Russian Internet initiatives 4 – 8 mln USD, advertising mainly
Traffic increased 30-fold since 2000; MinComInt evaluations of Runet users :
4.3 mln active, 10 mln total (40% growth for 2001)
Yandex is planning to be profitable by 2002; Rambler is ready to follow
Conference at Suzdal this February “Financial monitoring and New Information technologies” ( IRS, Federal Treasury, Custom Office, Ministry of Finances, Accounting Office, etc.) Mr Stepashin : Non transparency of budgets of all levels; at Federal level more 20 % of total expenses are not publicly monitored ( out of parliamentary control);
VoIP telephony is considerably cheaper and more reliable than traditional telephony, but growth is slow in Russia (ca. 10%) .
Long distance calls to Europe and USA:
IP 0.02 – 0.04 USD per minute
Traditional 0.3 – 0.7 USD per minute (Rostelekom tariffs)
ASP technologies : leasing of complicated software for system integration in medium (staff 100 – 200, budget up to $100 000) companies (now 7% companies are involved) and
Russian market sector of programming is partially “grey”, i.e. nontransparent; MinComInf Evaluations 300 mln USD turnover, 20% growth rate:
Accounting and taxation - 200 mln. USD (1C),
universal analytical systems, business applications, planning – 100 mln USD,
games and learning software – 100 mln. USD,
anti viruses programs (Kaspersky laboratory)
Outsourcing and offshore programming – ca. 150 mln USD
Internet trading, +160 systems, 36 various automated e-trading programs
Internet mass media, - considerable auditorium outside Russia.
weekly auditorium regular auditorium
Lenta.ru 254 000 201 000
Gazeta.ru 228 000 181 000
NTV.ru 204 000 120 000
Utro.ru 181 00 108 000
Average ratio of Internet version auditorium to auditorium of traditional version of the same publication varies from 4% to 25 %. Brand name is pretty important for Internet mass media newcomers.
Comparison with eEurope Program up to 2010
Public access to fast, cheap and secure Internet
Stable and sufficient investments into learning of population to use information-communication technologies
Wide Internet application to all spheres and regions
Monitoring tools :
Internet testing by Amsterdam – Maastricht Summer university,
Cap Gemini Ernst & Young
With 18% population (in average) having access to Internet (28 % of families) and 56% of local authorities having web sites
European public activity looks as follows :
19% are visiting local web sites,
15% are visiting governmental sites and
10 % apply Internet to political activity;
28% Europeans in average sent e/mails to government and 11% fill forms.
Anatoly Karachinsky, IBS company president : “There is no new economics. If you think that old economics required making money and new economics will make money by itself, you are not right….New economics is traditional one plus new technologies. And only real revenue will give you a chance for survival”.
Anatoly Rybko, deputy Director General of Consultant plus Co. juridical information dissemination grid (more 300 offices over Russia) :
“We could not rely upon governmental programs. Keystone of our business is customer, not bureaucrat. With stable service we have stable income and need not any interference”.
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